[acn-l] New Findings on Voluntary Measures, Canada (fwd)

Rob Huntley (rob at acn.ca)
Fri, 22 May 1998 10:35:00 -0400 (EDT)

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This is a forwarded message.
Please direct and/or copy correspondence to the original source.
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---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Sun, 17 May 1998 20:01:32 -0300
From: "Gary Gallon, Canadian Institute for Business & Environment"
<cibe at web.net>
Subject: New Findings on Voluntary Measures, Canada

THE GALLON ENVIRONMENT LETTER
Canadian Institute for Business and the Environment
Institut Canadien du Commerce et de l'environnement
506 Victoria Ave., Montreal, Quebec H3Y 2R5
Ph. (514) 3690230, Fax (514) 3693282
Email: cibe at web.net
Vol. 2, No. 9, May 18, 1998

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ENVIRONMENT CANADA PACIFIC REGION REPORTS
ON PERFORMANCE OF VOLUNTARY MEASURES

The Pacific and Yukon Regional Office of Environment Canada
conducted a study of enforcement and compliance in that region
for the 15 year period 1983 to 1998., by Peter K. Krahn, P.Eng.,
Acting Head, Inspections Division, Environment Canada,
Pacific and Yukon Region. The report, entitled, "Enforcement vs
Voluntary Compliance: An Examination of the Strategic
Enforcement Initiatives Implemented by the Pacific and Yukon
Regional Office of Environment Canada, Report No. DOE FRAP
19983" found that: "the sole reliance on voluntary compliance was
demonstrated to be ineffective for these industry sectors in achieving
even a marginally acceptable level of compliance or benefit to the
environment." The report found that: "A review of 19 different
regulatory groups found that those industrial sectors
which relied solely on self monitoring or voluntary compliance
had a compliance rating of 60% vs. the 94% average compliance
rating for those industries which were subject to federal regulations
combined with a consistent inspection program. Voluntary compliance
programs and peer inspection programs could not achieve satisfactory
levels of compliance." See Website
<http://www.pwc.bc.doe.ca/ep/programs/eppy/enforce/index.html>http://www.pw
c.bc.doe.ca/ep/programs/eppy/enforce/index.html

Further, the Environment Canada study found that "in the last 10 years,
the number of sites to which federal regulatory initiatives apply has risen
from 5,600 to over 17,000. In British Columbia there were 7 full time
inspectors and 3 investigators and 5 emergency response officers in the
federal department of environment. These 15 people are frequently called
upon to assist or cooperate with provincial staff in enforcement
initiatives which provide the minimal deterrent necessary to achieve
an acceptable level of environmental protection. The common inference
that there is overlap and duplication of effort between federal and
provincial enforcement agencies is not supported by the available
data." Full report contained on website:
<http://www.pwc.bc.doe.ca/ep/programs/eppy/enforce/index.html>http://www.pw
c.bc.doe.ca/ep/programs/eppy/enforce/index.html

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CANADA TO CUT POWER PLANT EMISSIONS

The Canadian government has a new plan to reduce emissions of
particulate matter and toxic metals from heavy oil and coal fired
power plants by more than 100,000 tonnes annually by This represents
a reduction of up to 85 per cent of total toxic emissions in the electrical
power generating sector. The action plan is a response to a multi
stakeholder report on the Electric Generation (Fossil Fuel) sector
submitted to the Ministers of Environment and Health by representatives
of industry, industrial , environmental organizations, the provinces and
the federal. While stakeholders agreed that particulate matter emissions
must be cut, they were not able to reach consensus on specific actions
for achieving the reductions. Under the plan, emissions of particulate
matter will be reduced by between 106,000 and 110,000 tonnes annually
within five years, a decrease of about 85% of total emissions. Particulate
matter is currently being assessed for toxicity under the Canadian
Environmental Protection Act (CEPA). Emissions of six toxic metals will
also be reduced from current levels. The Environment Ministry estimates

* arsenic will be reduced by 66 to 68 percent;
* cadmium will be reduced by 23 to 27 percent;
* hexavalent chromium will be reduced 49 to 51 percent
* lead will be reduced 71 to 73 percent
* mercury will be reduced 5 to 7 percent
* nickel will be reduced 42 to 55 percent

This article has been copied with permission from the EnviroLink Network,
website http:// <http://www.envirolink.org/>www.envirolink.org. It may not be
copied or reproduced in
any medium without the express written consent of the EnviroLink Network.
For reprinting information, call ph. 4126836400 or write to
support at envirolink.org/.

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CROWN CORK & SEAL INC. WINS POLLUTION
PREVENTION AWARD

Crown Cork & Seal Canada Inc., Toronto, won the 1997 Pollution
Prevention Award handed out by the Canadian Council of Ministers
of the Environment (CCME). The award gives national recognition
to companies and organizations showing leadership in pollution
prevention. Other winners include Kuntz Electroplating Inc.,
Bebbington Industries, and the Municipality of Annapolis County.
Honourable mention was given to the Canadian Forces Base (air force)
Trenton 8Wing. For more information about the winners or to receive
applications for the 1998 awards contact the CCME at ph. (204)
9482757. Visit the CCME Internet site at
<http://www.ccme.ca/ccme>http://www.ccme.ca/ccme.

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CONOR PACIFIC EXPANDING RAPIDLY

Conor Pacific Environmental Technologies based in Vancouver has
gone a buying spree purchasing a number of Canadian environmental
companies in a move to consolidate and strengthen the delivery of their
goods and services. In the last year it has purchased controlling interest
in companies like Bovar Environmental, Arcturus Environmental and
federal government's Crown corporation, Wastewater Technology
International (WTI). The Environmental Business Canada (EBC) magazine
reports that Conor Pacific, "now controls the rights, licenses, ownership and
proprietary knowhow for a suite of 16 core technologies, most of them
applicable to pollution prevention, pollution control and treatment of
wastewater effluent." EBC reported that the $5.7 million takeover of
WTI involved $1.3 million in cash and an agreement to invest $2 million
in technology commercialization. Contact: Bob Nowack, President,
Conor Pacific, Ste. 1260, 1500 W Georgia St., Vancouver, B.C. V6G 2Z6,
Ph. (604) 6693373, Fax (604) 6693353.

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AIR TECHNOLOGIES MEETING TO BE HELD
BY ENVIRONMENT CANADA

The National Advisory Committee on Air Technologies (NACAT)
will hold its 11th Meeting, Thursday, June 25, 1998, in Ottawa for
environmental technology and services companies in Canada. The
business theme of the meeting will be "Climate Change Early Action
Business Opportunities". In keeping with the theme, this NACAT
meeting will focus on the business of climate change and the need
to accelerate marketing of Canadian technologies domestically, as
well as the need to penetrate foreign markets more effectively.
Overviews of important studies recently completed by Environment
Canada and Industry Canada will be presented. If your company
wishes to participate respond to Abe Finkelstein, Environment
Canada or Philippe Lalonde, Industry Canada, email
mariana.mendonca at ec.gc.ca.

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CLIMATE CHANGE: THE TORONTO ATMOSPHERIC FUND

One of the most advanced actions taken in Canada on implementing
measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions has be the City of
Toronto's "The Toronto Atmospheric Fund" (TAF) It was established
in 1992 and is managed by a Board of Directors made up of City Council
members, municipal administrators and citizens. TAF provides financial
support for a wide range of projects aimed at reducing atmospheric
pollution from sources in Toronto. TAF works in partnership with community
and environmental groups, schools, utilities, businesses, trade associations,
and all levels of government to help reduce the impacts of climate change
and to increase the level of public understanding of these important issues.
In keeping with its mandate of reducing carbon emissions in the City of
Toronto, over 98 percent of TAF's funds are allocated to organizations
and projects within the City.
<http://www.iclei.org/taf/origin.htm>http://www.iclei.org/taf/origin.htm
source:

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INTERNATIONAL INTERNATIONAL INTERNATIONAL
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U.S. EPA PROMOTES NOX EMISSIONS TRADING

The U.S. EPA proposed a program that will allow emissions trading to reduce
substantially smogcausing nitrogen oxides emissions across the eastern half
of the U.S. The program would allow industries to choose their own pollution
controls, because they can buy and sell marketbased emission "credits" to
reduce their nitrogen oxide emissions. "EPA's proposal to adopt an emissions
trading program to implement new controls on nitrogen oxides is an important
step towards more flexible environmental regulation," said Richard Ayres,
partner with Howrey & Simon (Washington, D.C.) and a member of the EPA
Clean Air Act Advisory Committee. Contact Vivian Hood, email
hoodv at getserious.com Ph. (904) 220 1915.

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C02 CLIMATE CHANGE LEVELS REACH NEW HIGH

The Worldwatch Institute released its "Vital Signs 1998 — The
Environmental Trends Shaping Our Future". It reports that "climate
change carbon emissions reached a record high worldwide in 1997
totalling 6.3 billion tons, up 1.5% from 6.2 billion tons in 1996.
Atmospheric concentrations of CO2 climbed to 364 parts per million
the highest in 160,000 years. With record high world temperatures in 1997,
the 14 warmest years since record keeping began in 1866 have all
occurred since 1979. Evidence of the warming can be found in melting
icecaps, shrinking glaciers in the Alps, and the breakup of the sea ice around
Antarctica'. It added that "during the 1990s, sales of coal and oil
have grown just over 1% a year (or 8% in the last 8 yrs). Non C02
emitting wind power has grown 26% a year. Growth in the sales of solar
cells, averaging 15% annually from 1990 through 1996, jumped a
phenomenal 43% in 1997. Contact Worldwatch, 1776 Massachusetts
Avenue, NW; 8th Floor; Washington, D.C. Website
http://www.worldwatch.org

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AUSTRALIA'S FIRST INVESTMENT IN GREENHOUSE
GAS REDUCTION OF A$180 MILLION

The Australian Government has committed Aus$180 million to reducing
its greenhouse gas emissions. And Australian Environment Minister
Robert Hill appointed Ms Gwen Andrews to head up the effort for the
nation. Visit the Australian Ministry of the Environment's
website: http://www.environment.gov.au/

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OECD STUDY OF AUSTRALIA'S ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
EXAMINES ITS VOLUNTARY PROGRAMS

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
conducted a study of the effectiveness of government and industry in
protecting Australia's environment. The OECD found that, "the switch by
Australia several years ago to voluntary cooperative measures with
industry have not been bringing about adequate results". The OECD stated
that:
"there is significant potential for improving the effectiveness and efficiency
of
environmental management (using voluntary measures) by i) setting
environmental standards within the country, such as those currently being
defined as National Environment Protection Measures, ii) expanding the use of
economic instruments, such as product charges, deposit refund systems, and
emissions trading regimes, and iii) integrating these instruments into the
general
partnership approach." OECD goes on to report that, "despite progress in
reporting
on the sate of the environment, environmental monitoring and enviornmental
data

in Australia are often inadequate in terms of coverage and consistency. This
weakens
the capacity to track environmental progress, formulate costeffective policies
and
measure environmental performance." Website,
<http://www.environment.gov.au/portfolio/esd/intergovt_unit/OECD/oecd.pdf>h
ttp://www.environment.gov.au/portfolio/esd/intergovt_unit/OECD/oecd.pdf

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CLIMATE CHANGE INDUSTRY BRIEFING ON
EMISSIONS TRADING IN AUSTRALIA

"Emissions Trading First International Industry Briefing" is focused on
managing business opportunities for sustained profitability and growth in
a changing energy and commodity market. It will be hosted June 18 and 19,
1998 in Sydney, Australia by the IBC Group plc. Speakers include Richard
L. Sandor, CEO Centre of Financial Products, Chicago, Frank Joshua, Head,
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading for the UN Conference on Trdae and
Development, Dr. Robert Page, VP TransAlta, Alberta, and and Professor
Ian Noble, Australian Institute. Cost for conference only is Aus $1,895, for
the conference and both workshops the cost is $2,790. Send registration to
IBC Conferences, GPO Box 2728, NSW 2001, Australia, ph. (02) 9290
1133, fax (02) 9290 3844 email enquiries at ibcoz.com.au, website
<http://www.ibcoz.com.au/>http://www.ibcoz.com.au

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U.S. CASE STUDIES ON SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY

In the U.S., a Sustainable Forestry Working Group composed of forestry
experts and industry professionals, has produced a series of case studies
illustrating this trend. The materials document the financial and market
opportunities for transforming traditional forest and mill operations into
sustainable enterprises. One of the examples is the Collins Pine Company
with revenues of $95 million a year. The company has a long history in
sustainable forest management. The Collins Pine management system
emphasizes selective cutting, a practice that creates stands of uneven
aged trees similar to those found in some natural forests. In 1993,
Collins Pine became one of the first companies in the world to have an
independent organization certify that some of its timberlands are well
managed. In addition, a series of market analyses create a conceptual
framework for sustainable forestry, examine sustainable forestry within
an industry context, assess the demand for sustainable forest products,
and review emerging technologies. Growing evidence indicates that
sustainable forest managementwhich balances ecosystem needs with
those of economies, cultures, and developmentis an increasingly viable
business approach. Copies of the case studies are available from Island
Press at <http://www.islandpress.org/>http://www.islandpress.org. Email
info at islandpress.org

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PROTECTING A SPECIAL COD SANCTUARY
ON ATLANTIC COAST

An America fish scientist reported that Atlantic fishermen were aware
of an "extemely hot cod hole" a few miles off shore that was
fished by those in the know for decades until the early nineties. Some
benthic investigation revealed the existence of two giant under ocean
sea mounts in a continuation of the rises that include Mount Edgecumbe.
Further investigation using a submarine (NOAA sponsored) "found cod
swimming stacked like cord wood all the way up and down ‘The
Pinnacles' and the whole area swarming with juvenile rockfish (the video
of the place is astounding)." Local scientists were invited to see the
spectacle for themselves and the result, spearheaded by Tori McConnell
of U.S. Fish and Game, was a two mile square nofish area. It was passed
by the Marine Fisheries Commission and then went to the NPFMC
for approval. Local fishermen played a substantial role in protecting
the area because they recognized the value of the nursery function.
Source: Fisheries Social Science Net.

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STONE CONTAINER CORP. PAYS TO CLEAN UP

On March 11, 1998, after more than two years of negotiations, 16
Montana citizen groups, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
and Stone Container Corporation achieved comprehensive outof
court settlements over violations of environmental laws at the company's
pulp mill near Frenchtown, Montana. The citizens' settlement requires
Stone Container to implement an innovative new pollution prevention
program for five years to prevent air, water and solid waste pollution at
its mill. Also, Stone Container must spend $150,000 to develop
alternatives to the burning of chlorinated plastics generated by the mill's
recycling plant, and pay $50,000 in civil penalties and spend $450,000
for local environmental cleanup projects, to help improve Missoula's air
and water quality; protect and enhance habitat for the area's few remaining
bull trout. It is required to restore riparian habitat along the Clark Fork
River
and provide equipment and training for local emergency responders; and
improve the community's "righttoknow" access concerning the mill's toxic
pollution.

On its own initiative, Stone had already increased recycled fiber
use in its paper from 400 to 525 tons a day. The groups including Cold
Mountain,
Cold Rivers; Native Forest Network; and Montana CHEER had sued Stone
Container for illegally discharging pollutants into the Missoula valley air
shed
and the Clark Fork River, which flows past the mill and feeds northern
Idaho's
scenic Lake Pend Oreille, near Sandpoint, before entering the Columbia
River. In a second outofcourt settlement reached March 12 with the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) over Clean Air Act
violations, Stone agreed to pay fines of $312,500 and commit tens of
thousands of dollars to insure accurate testing and reporting of the mill's
recovery boilers for particulate pollution. The two settlements will cost
the company over $1,000,000. Following two years of joint negotiations,
the citizen groups formally filed as intervenors in the EPA case, giving
them standing to enforce the settlement provisions. For more information
contact, Cold Mountain, Cold Rivers, PO Box 7941, Missoula, Montana
59807; ph. 406 728 0867 email cmcr at wildrockies.org.

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xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Copyright (c) 1998 Canadian Institute for
Business and the Environment, Montreal
All rights reserved.
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Gary Gallon
President
Canadian Institute for Business and the Environment
506 Victoria Ave.
Montreal, Quebec H3Y 2R5
Ph. (514) 369-0230, Fax (514) 369-3282
email: cibe at web.net